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State Tax Credits and Tuition Support

States That Offer Tax Credits for Hiring Apprentices and Tuition Support for Registered Apprentices

  • Tax Credits:

    This law provides an income tax credit of $1,250 to an employer for each qualified apprentice of an employer, with an additional $500 to an employer for each qualified high school apprentice.  The law caps the cumulative tax credits allowed at $3,000,000 for the first two tax years following the passage of the bill and $5,000,000 for each tax year thereafter. This law also requires the Workforce Development Division of the Department of Commerce to provide an annual report to certain legislative committees regarding the effectiveness of the program.

    Learn more on the Alabama Office of Apprenticeship website

  • Tax Credits:

    Act 1042 of 2017 provides for an income tax credit for each qualified youth apprentice who is at least 16 years of age and is employed to learn an apprenticeable occupation or is in an apprenticeship or work-based learning program. To claim the benefits, a taxpayer must obtain a certification from the Office of Apprenticeship of the U.S. Department of Labor or the Department of Career Education, certifying to the Department of Finance and Administration that the taxpayer has met all the requirements and qualifications.

    A taxpayer who employs an apprentice is allowed an income tax credit in the amount of $2,000 or 10% of the wages earned by the youth apprentice, whichever is less, for each apprentice. The amount of the income tax credit claimed in a taxable year may not exceed the individual or corporate income tax otherwise due. Any unused credit may be carried forward for a maximum of two (2) consecutive taxable years.

    Learn more on  the Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration website

  • Tuition Support:

    Funds allow community colleges to provide most instruction for apprenticeship programs.

  • Tax Credits:

    Any taxpayer who employs an apprentice duly enrolled and registered under the terms of a qualified Manufacturing Program is entitled to a tax credit for each eligible apprentice of up to $7,500.00 maximum or 50% of actual wages, whichever is less, provided such apprenticeships meet the following requirements: a) The tax credit is limited to qualified Manufacturing Programs with apprenticeship periods of duration which are not less than 4,000 hours (2 years) and not more than 8,000 hours (4 years). b) The apprentice must be employed on a full time basis which is defined as working a minimum of 120 hours per month at the trade. Up to 80 hours may be applied during the tax year against the 120 hour limitation.

    Learn more on the Connecticut Department of Labor website

  • Tuition Support:

    The Delaware Department of Education’s annual budget for Apprenticeship and Trade-Extension programs provides funds to the Vocational Technical Schools Adult Ed Divisions to support tuition for registered apprentices.

  • Tuition Support:

    • State Statute 446.051(2) encourages career educational institutions to cooperate and assist in providing facilities, equipment and supplies, and instructor's salaries for the performance of related and supplemental instruction associated with the registered program. Learn more on the Florida Legislature website
    • Florida Statute, 1009.25 Fee exemptions – apprentices registered in an approved apprenticeship program, as defined in s. 446.021, are exempt from the payment of tuition and fees, including lab fees, at a school district that provides workforce education programs, Florida College System institutions, or state university. Learn more on the Florida Legislature website
  • Tuition Support:

    Georgia residents who are attending a Georgia public technical college to earn a certificate or diploma are eligible for a HOPE Grant regardless of high school graduation date or grade average. This fund covers approximately 70% of student expenses. Additionally, the State Legislature has established the Hope Career Grant for select high demand occupations. Additional funding is allocated each year to allow for virtually free tuition for students entering these select occupations.

    Learn more on the Georgia Student Finance Commission website's HOPE Grant and HOPE Career Grant tabs

  • Tax Credits:

    Any business that employs apprentices may receive a tax credit against its business privilege tax liability equal to 50 percent of all eligible costs paid or incurred by a program participant to train an apprentice. Eligible costs include direct wages and benefits of the apprentice, instructor costs, training costs and personal protective equipment costs.

    Learn more on Guan Courts website

    Tuition Support:

    Seventy percent (70%) of its Manpower Development Fund is allocated to the Apprenticeship Training Program at the Guam Community College to be expended exclusively to fund the administrative and instructional costs for the operation of the apprenticeship training programs; advertising and outreach programs for the promotion of the apprenticeship training programs; and direct financial assistance to students enrolled in the apprenticeship program.

  • Tax Credits:

    Illinois provides a non-refundable credit against Illinois income tax for 100% of the qualified education expenses of a qualifying apprentice. The credit allowed is up to $3,500, per apprentice per tax year, for tuition, book fees, and lab fees at the school or community college in which the apprentice is enrolled. A taxpayer may be eligible for an additional $1,500 credit if the principal place of business is located in an underserved area or if the apprentice resides in an underserved area.

    Learn more on the Illinois General Assembly website

  • Tuition Support:

    The state created a special employment and training fund, IC 22-4-25-1, from the penalties and interest from the Unemployment Insurance system to fund various training programs. Ivy Tech Community College receives funds to train apprentices in joint labor-management apprenticeship programs. Funds are also used to pay instructors for general education towards an Associate’s degree and journey worker upgrade courses.

    Learn more on the Indiana General Assembly website

  • Tuition Support:

    • Iowa Apprenticeship Act, commonly referred to as "15B": An annual non-competitive grant program that is available for any Registered Apprenticeship program to apply for $3 million in state funding available; distributed to all who apply based on the number of their apprentices and the training hours involved in the Registered Apprenticeship program.
    • Iowa Registered Apprenticeship Development Fund, commonly referred to as "15C": A competitive grant program available to new Registered Apprenticeship programs that were created within a high-demand occupation field or for Registered Apprenticeship programs that add a high-demand occupation to their existing Registered Apprenticeship program. $1 million in state funding available; grants are available up to $25,000 per occupation applied for. Programs can apply for more than one grant per each high-demand occupation; overall grants to an organization are capped at $50,000 per fiscal year. Programs must have less than 20 overall apprentices.
  • Tuition Support:

    Maine Revised Statutes Title 26, §3211, 6-A states that the Maine Department of Labor “shall underwrite 50 percent of tuition costs for apprentices in good standing at public educational institutions and provide training cost assistance to sponsor groups in accordance with sponsor  policies.

    Learn more on Maine Legislature website

  • Tax Credits:

    The Maryland Apprenticeship Tax Credit provides a State income tax credit to Registered Apprenticeship Sponsors or participating employers (Employer) which hire an eligible Registered Apprentice(s). The Employer may qualify for a $1,000 tax credit for each eligible Registered Apprentice.

  • Tax Credits:

    As of January 1, 2019, Massachusetts has offered a Registered Apprentice Tax Credit (RATC) to promote the expansion of registered apprenticeship into healthcare, technology, and manufacturing sectors. Employers in these sectors may be eligible for up to a $4,800 credit per qualified apprentice. Specifically, eligible employers that employ registered apprentices may apply for tax credits of up to $4,800 or 50% of wages paid, whichever is less, for each apprentice who meets the RATC program guidelines. Employers are eligible for up to $100,000 in credits each calendar year, and are eligible to apply for RATC once their apprentices have been employed for 180 days in a given calendar year.

    Learn more on the Massachusetts government website

  • Tax Credits:

    Mississippi has a Skills Training Tax Credit that can be utilized by program sponsors in the following manufacturing, wholesale, warehousing, and other related industries.

    Learn more about the Mississippi Skills Training Tax Credit

  • Tax Credits:

    Tax credits are allocated to organizations administering positive youth development or crime prevention projects that have been approved through the application process.  Approved organizations secure contributions from their community, and the contributor receives tax credits for those contributions.  There are 50% tax credits for monetary contributions and wages paid to youth in an approved internship, apprenticeship or employment project, and 30% tax credits for property or equipment contributions used specifically for the project.

    Learn more on the Missouri Department of Economic Development website

  • Tax Credits:

    This state tax credit provides businesses financial incentive to launch new, or expand their current training programs through the Montana Registered Apprenticeship unit at the Montana Department of Labor & Industry. $750 tax credit for each new apprentice, or; $1,500 tax credit for each new apprentice that is a veteran; Tax credit takes effect for 2018 tax year; Tax credit takes effect once apprentice has completed probationary period or after 6 months, whichever is earlier; The tax credit may be applied for each qualified apprentice’s training program for length of training program or up to five years.

    Learn more on the Montana Registered Apprenticeship website

  • Tax Credits:

    The state exempts all real and personal property of an apprenticeship program from taxation.

    Learn more on the Center for American Progress website

  • Tax Credits:

    The Empire State Apprenticeship Tax Credit (ESATC) provides tax incentives to certified New York State (NYS) Registered Apprenticeship (RA) program sponsors (for group programs, the Tax Credit program is also available to the sponsor’s approved participating signatory employers) for hiring new qualified apprentices on or after January 1, 2018. The tax credit is available through 2022.

    A certified employer will be entitled to tax credits against income or franchise tax for each qualified apprentice. Enhanced credits are offered to those who employ disadvantaged youth as apprentices and for those programs who engage the support of a mentor. Qualified apprentices must be employed full-time (a minimum of 35 hours per week) for at least six months during the tax year. To become certified for this tax credit, you must be a qualified employer. A qualified employer is a sponsor (or for group programs, approved participating signatory employers) of an active or probationary NYS RA program. If you are not already a NYS RA sponsor, please contact the New York State Department of Labor to establish a RA program.

    Learn more on the New York State website

    Tuition Support:

    Funding is available through the State University of New York (SUNY) for sponsors to cover the costs of Related Instruction in community colleges across the state.

    Learn more on the SUNY Schenectady County Community College website or the Mohawk Valley Community College website

  • Tuition Support:

    The State Board of Community Colleges may provide by general and uniform regulations for waiver of tuition and registration fees for courses provided to students who are participating in a Registered Apprenticeship program that requires the participants to be high school students when entering the program.

    Learn more on the North Carolina General Assembly website

  • Tax Credits:

    To allow a tax credit of 50 percent of actual wages paid to a qualifying apprentice or $4,800, whichever is less. Employers that hire an apprentice as a machine toolmaker, machinist, model-maker, gage maker, pattern-maker, plastic process technician, tool and machine setter, die-sinker, mold-maker, tool & die maker, and similar occupations may be eligible for a tax credit of 50 percent of actual wages or $4,800, whichever is less. The apprentice must be enrolled in a registered qualified program through the Rhode Island Department of Labor and Training's State Apprenticeship Council.

  • Tax Credits:

    Eligible South Carolina businesses who sponsor a registered apprenticeship program can receive a $1,000 direct tax credit for each registered apprentice employed for at least seven months during each year of apprenticeship for up to four years. The tax credit is intended to offset the direct and indirect costs of establishing the registered apprenticeship program. Costs may include course design and development, instructional costs, training material and supplies, maintaining records and administering the program.

    Learn more on the South Carolina Works website

  • Tax Credits:

    Taxpayers that employee an apprentice can receive a tax credit in an amount equal to $2,000 or 10 percent of the wages earned by an apprentice pursuant to this act, whichever is less.

    Learn more on the Tennessee General Assembly website

    Tuition Support:

    The state offers tuition assistance up to $11,600 for two years ($5,800 per year) at the schools, institutions, and entities governed by the Tennessee Board of Regents and the University of Tennessee Board of Trustees, as well as state certified apprenticeship programs. Tuition assistance benefits are available for a two-year period beginning when an employee is separated due to a reduction in force.

  • Tuition Support:

    The Texas Workforce Commission provides funds to local public educational institutions to support the costs of related classroom instruction in registered apprenticeship training programs. Local education agencies act as fiscal agents for registered apprenticeship training programs.

    Learn more on the Texas Workforce Commission website

  • Tax Credits:

    The amount of credit allowed is thirty percent of all training costs incurred for noncredit courses paid by an employer to Virginia community colleges during the taxable year for eligible worker retraining for qualified employees. Employers who send their qualified employees to private schools for eligible worker retraining are allowed an annual credit equal to the cost per student or $100 per student, whichever is less. The credit is effective for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1999, and the total amount of credits that can be granted by the Commonwealth for each fiscal year is limited to $2,500,000.

    Learn more on the Virginia Tax website

    Virginia also has the Worker Training Credit that applies to Registered Apprenticeship sponsors, equal to: 

    • 35% of the costs of providing eligible training to qualified workers. Claim this credit against your individual income tax, fiduciary income tax, corporation income tax, bank franchise tax, and taxes imposed on insurance companies and utilities, or
    • 35% of the direct costs of providing manufacturing training or instruction to middle and high school students. Claim this credit against your individual or corporation income tax.
  • Tuition Support:

    Registered apprentices may be given a 50 percent tuition reduction at community and technical colleges. The State Board for Community and Technical Colleges issues policy on tuition and fee rates annually. (See attached “Apprenticeship Fee Guidance,” from the Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges.)

  • Tax Credits:

    Tax credit of $2.00 per hour x total number of hours worked by an apprentice during the tax year, not to exceed the lesser of $2,000 or 50% of the actual wages paid for the apprenticeship. The training program is to consist of at least 2,000 hours, but not more than 10,000 hours of on-the-job training. The tax credit offsets the business franchise tax, corporate net income tax and personal income tax. The apprentice who benefits from this tax credit could be a person with a disability who is able to do construction work.

    Learn more on the Employee Incentives website

  • Tuition Support:

    Apprentices pay $120 per credit (36 hours). The 144 hours of related instruction per year requirement costs $480. Apprentices are paid their hourly wage to attend class, and in some cases, tuition is reimbursed by sponsors or joint training funds.

    Learn more on the Wisconsin State Legislature website. Also see the Chapter 106 subchapter 1, or the Wisconsin Technical College System website.

  • Tuition Support:

    The Wyoming Department of Workforce Service's Workforce Development Training Fund, a state-funded program, has a grant option available for registered apprenticeship programs to reimburse expenses associated with related classroom instruction. Sponsors, related instruction providers, and employers are eligible to apply. Grants funds can be used for tuition/registration, class fees and materials, travel, instructor wages and fringe benefits, fees for licenses or certifications obtained as part of the related instruction, and up to five percent for administration. More information is available

    Learn more on the Wyoming Workforce website